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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 88-94

Outcome of nonurinary surgical malformations predicted by fetal abdominal signs on prenatal ultrasound


1 Department of Pediatric Surgery, Kalawati Saran Children's Hospital, Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Amit Gupta
Room No. 330, 3rd Floor, Kalawati Saran Children's Hospital, Bangla Sahib Road, New Delhi - 110 001
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jcn.JCN_185_20

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Aim: The aim of our study was to study the outcome of “nonurinary” surgical malformations predicted by fetal abdominal signs on prenatal ultrasound (US). Methods: This prospective observational study was done over a 3-year period. Results: Out of 66 cases, 15 different malformations were detected. The accuracy of prenatal US was 83.3%. There were four still births, two medical termination of pregnancy, and sixty live births (91%). Postnatal surgery was necessary in 35 neonates (62.5%) with postoperative survival of 71.4%. Sixteen neonates (26.7%), 7 with normal postnatal US and 9 asymptomatic lesions, were managed conservatively. Overall 1-year survival rate of fetuses was 62.1%. The most common malformations confirmed postnatally were duodenal atresia (n = 14, 23.3%), followed by gastroschisis (n = 9; 15%), esophageal atresia (n = 8; 13.3%), meconium peritonitis (n = 4; 6.7%), and ovarian cyst (n = 4; 6.7%). Prematurity (n = 34; 56.7%) and low birth weight (n = 44; 66.7%) had no significant effect on survival due to in utero transfer to tertiary care. Salient factors adversely affecting the survival were: (1) type of anomaly-omphalocele major and fetal ascites (FA) had no survivors, (2) postoperative complications, and (3) associated cardiac anomalies. It was also notable that, among fetal signs of meconium peritonitis, isolated intra-abdominal calcification had a good prognosis with 75% survival, whereas FA had no survivors. Conclusions: Results of this study will be helpful in realistic prognostication and postnatal management of these anomalies in the appropriate hospital setting.


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