Home Print this page Email this page Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size
Users Online: 711
 
About us Editorial board Search Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Advertise Login 
     
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 31-36

Retinopathy of prematurity: Incidence and perinatal risk factors in a tertiary hospital in Saudi Arabia


1 Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
2 College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences; King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, Jeddah; King Khalid Eye Specialist Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
3 Department of Ophthalmology, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
4 Department of Ophthalmology, King Fahad Armed Forces Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
5 Department of Ophthalmology, University of Jeddah, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
6 College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
7 College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences; King Abdullah International Medical Research Center; Department of Neonatology, King Abdulaziz Medical City, National Guard Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
8 College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences; King Abdullah International Medical Research Center; Department of Ophthalmology, King Abdulaziz Medical City, National Guard Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Huda Khalid Ahmedhussain
Department of Ophthalmology, King Abdul Aziz University Hospital, Jeddah, P.O Box 80215 Jeddah 21589
Saudi Arabia
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jcn.jcn_171_20

Rights and Permissions

Purpose: This study aims to estimate the incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and investigate its perinatal and neonatal risk factors in a tertiary hospital in Saudi Arabia. Methodology: This was a retrospective cohort study of premature infants admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit at a tertiary hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, from January 2016 to December 2017. Participants who met the screening criteria for ROP were included and followed up until spontaneous recovery or laser treatment. Results: A total of 119 infants screened, the incidence of ROP was 21.8% (26/119). A plus disease was diagnosed in 15.4% (4/26) of the ROP infants. For most, 80.7% (21/26) of the ROP regressed spontaneously, and 19.2% (5/26) required a laser intervention. The mean gestational age (GA) of infants diagnosed with ROP was 25.62 ± 1.58 weeks and the median birth weight (BW) 750 (interquartile range: 280) g. Lower GA, lower BW, prolonged oxygen therapy, and mechanical ventilation (MV) were significantly related to ROP disease and severity. Requiring resuscitation at birth, a lower Apgar score at 1-min, poor weight gain proportion at 6 weeks, and requiring a blood transfusion were significantly associated with ROP disease. Conclusion: Compared to other local studies, the incidence of ROP was lower in our population. Lower GA, low BW, prolonged oxygen therapy and MV, and poor weight gain at 6 weeks are well-documented risk factors. We recommend close monitoring of weight gain and oxygen therapy and modifying risk factors in preterm infants to lower the incidence and the severity of ROP.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
  Search Pubmed for
  Search in Google Scholar for
Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed134    
    Printed4    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded23    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal