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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 34-37

Outcome of exchange blood transfusions done for neonatal jaundice in Abakaliki, South Eastern Nigeria

1 Department of Paediatrics, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, South Eastern Nigeria
2 Department of Paediatrics, Ebonyi State University/Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki, South Eastern Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Roland C Ibekwe
Department of Paediatrics, University of Nigeria, Teaching Hospital, Enugu
South Eastern Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2249-4847.92239

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Background: Neonatal jaundice (NNJ) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality among neonates in Nigeria and exchange blood transfusion (EBT) is a common modality of its treatment in Ebonyi State University Teaching Hospital (EBSUTH), Abakaliki. This communication aims to audit this service. Materials and Methods: A 3-year retrospective review of the case files of all neonates that had EBT for NNJ at the new born special care unit of EBSUTH. Result: Two hundred and thirty seven (17.25%) out of 1374 neonatal admissions had NNJ. EBT was performed for 40 (16.9%) of them. The commonest indications for EBT were low birth weight/prematurity, ABO blood group incompatibility, sepsis and glucose 6 phosphate deficiencies. The mean serum bilirubin at which EBT was done was 28.3 mg/dl. The EBT was uneventful in 36 cases while in four (10%) cases there were reported adverse events. Seven neonates (17.5%) died after the procedure and documented causes of death include bilirubin encephalopathy, respiratory failure, and septic shock and disseminated intravascular coagulopathy. Conclusion: There is high rate of EBT use in the management of severe neonatal hyperbilirubinemia with significant morbidity and mortality in this study site. There is need to review the contribution of factors such as late presentation in the hospital to this and proffer solutions to it.

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