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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 225-230

Clinical profile and short-term outcome of neonates with esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula at tertiary care center in a developing country: A 25-year experience

1 Department of Paediatric Surgery, PGIMS, Rohtak, Haryana, India
2 Department of Paediatrics, PGIMS, Rohtak, Haryana, India

Correspondence Address:
Kamal Nain Rattan
Department of Paediatric Surgery, PGIMS, Rohtak - 124 001, Haryana
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jcn.JCN_44_17

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Background: Despite the advancements in antenatal diagnostic and postnatal management in neonates with esophageal atresia (EA)/tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) resulting in better survival rates in the developed world, the outcome still remains poor in developing countries. Materials and Methods: Retrospective analysis of medical records of neonates who were operated for EA/TEF from 1991 to 2015 at our center was done. Results: A total of 693 neonates were operated during the study period with male-to-female ratio 1.9:1. Mean birth weight was 2300 ± 840 g and mean gestational age was 36 ± 4 weeks. Prenatal diagnosis with ultrasonography screening was done in only 9% cases. Mean age of neonates at referral was 4.3 ± 1.5 days. Frothing from mouth and tachypnea were the most common presenting features seen in 94% and 78% neonates, respectively. Type III EA was the most common variety seen. Incidence of associated anomalies was 52% with congenital heart disease being most common. Overall postoperative survival rate of 57% was observed. In the past 10 years of study, survival improved to 64% in comparison to 48% during initial 15 years. Poor prenatal supervision, aspiration pneumonia, prematurity, low birth weight, delayed referral and inadequate transport facilities, associated congenital anomalies, and lack of advanced Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICUs) facilities were the important contributing factors for high mortality. Conclusion: In developing countries, only improving the NICUs and surgical techniques will not deliver a better outcome in neonates with EA/TEF. Emphasis should be on the strengthening of peripheral health services and transport facilities to achieve good survival rates.

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