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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 104-108

Prevalence of musculoskeletal abnormalities in newborn: A 10 years retrospective analysis of 10,674 neonates in Indian population at a tertiary care hospital


1 Department of Orthopaedics, Christian Medical College, Ludhiana, Punjab, India
2 Department of Pediatrics, Christian Medical College, Ludhiana, Punjab, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Navendu Goyal
House Number 1039, Sector 4, Panchkula, Haryana
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2249-4847.154104

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Purpose: There are multiple orthopedic conditions that plague a newborn. However, identification of many conditions is difficult and requires strict vigilance. Keeping the idea in mind, a retrospective analysis of various orthopedic problems was done in a tertiary care setting in India. Materials and Methods: A 10 years retrospective analysis done at a tertiary care setting to identify various orthopedic conditions in a newborn. Results: The overall prevalence of musculoskeletal abnormalities in the study group was 2.03% (20/1000). Foot abnormalities composed the highest group with 43.3% (8.8/1000), followed by hand abnormalities 23.50% (4.78/1000), spinal abnormalities 15.20% (3.09/1000), trauma 5.5% (1.12/1000) and paralytic conditions 5.06% (1.03/1000). The rest of the conditions had a combined prevalence of 1.5/1000 (7.37%). Low birth weight, nonvaginal delivery, maternal age more than 30 years and multiparity were significantly associated with an increased incidence of congenital malformations. Conclusion: Musculoskeletal abnormalities are commonly seen in newborns and early identification, and prompt intervention can lead to a bright future for the child.


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