|Year : 2012 | Volume
| Issue : 3 | Page : 160-161
Klippel - trenaunay - weber syndrome
Rajdhar Dutt1, Chandrakala Dutt2
1 Department of Pediatrics, KRH & G.R. Medical College, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, India
2 Department of Surgery, G.R. Medical College, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, India
|Date of Web Publication||28-Sep-2012|
KRH & G.R. Medical College, PGDDN, 112, Tansen Nagar, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
7 days old baby was admitted in Kamla Raja Raja Hospital with complaints of swelling on upper limb and lower limb. Polydactly of fingers and toes were present. All systems were normal Lab investigation - Blood examination was normal Ultrasound of abdomen, Echocardiography and CT scan of brain - Normal.
Keywords: Debulking, port-wine stain, sclerotherapy
|How to cite this article:|
Dutt R, Dutt C. Klippel - trenaunay - weber syndrome. J Clin Neonatol 2012;1:160-1
| Introduction|| |
Klippel - Trenaunay - Weber syndrome More Details is a rare congenital medical condition in which blood vessels and/or lymph vessels fail to form properly. The three main features are nerve flammeus (port-wine stain), venous, lymphatic malformations and soft-tissue hypertrophy of the affected limb.
- Typical - All features are present.
- Atypical - All features are present except port - wine stain.
Boys and girls are equally affected, and the occurrence is not limited to any racial group. There is some evidence that it is associated with a translocation at t (8;14) (q 22.3;q13).
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
BLIZNAK and Stable suggested intrauterine damage to the sympathetic ganglia or intermediolateral tract leading to dilated microscopic arteriovenous anastomoses.
Multidetector row computed tomography arteriography
Ultrasonography, contrast venography and arteriography, and nuclear MRI.
| Case Report|| |
A 7-day-old new born baby was admitted with complains of swelling over upper limb and lower limb [Figure 1] and [Figure 2]. Lab investigation - thyroid profile, serum protein-7 gm, chest X-ray PA view, ultrasound of abdomen, echocardiography, and computerized tomography (CT) scan of brain were normal.
|Figure 1: Seven days old newborn showing swelling of both feet (anterior aspect)|
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|Figure 2: Seven days old newborn showing swelling of both feet (posterior aspect)|
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Non surgical - Parent is advised for sclerotherapy for varicose vein develop.
Compressive therapy - when children may benefit from compression therapy, Surgical: Debulking.
| Discussion|| |
Klippel-Trenaunay's syndrome is a congenital disorder. The exact cause of KTW syndrome remains to be elucidated, Most cases are sporadic but few cases show autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance. 
| References|| |
|1.||Mendiratta, V Koranne RV, Sardana K. Klippel trenaunay Parkes-Weber syndrome. Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology (Mar-Apr 2004); 70(2). 119-122. PMID 17642585. |
[Figure 1], [Figure 2]